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Flora - Fauna

This gifted land hides, among others, a vast variety of priceless ecosystems. Its volcanic landscapes, full of migratory birds, biotopes, sand dunes, endemic species, pastures and its waterfalls reveal an eclectic beauty and uniqueness.

WWF and the biotopes

During recent years, scientists of WWF HELLAS have recorded in Limnos, not only the biggest biotopes of the Mediterranean, but also the best preserved.
Thirteen registered biotopes cover 2.62% of its land and place it within the most important and big ones at Mediterranean level. Their preservation is of importance for the variety of life in the Aegean.
Thousands of wild rabbits, now overpopulated, live on the island. But what made Limnos famous to the connoisseurs, are the large populations of island grouse (alectoris chukar), the preservation of which despite the (strictly monitored) hunting, is due to the fact that there are still large cultivated fields and lack of pestiferous animals (fox, ferret) that make Limnos an enormous "natural breeding ground" for the grouse. However, over recent years the focus has shifted to the inhabitants of the biotopes, an exotic pinkish bird (flamingos). They are considered the most beautiful and most imposing "visitors" of Limnos.
Today, there are many burnets and in some places, a rare species of oak.
The complete lack of forests is mostly due to stock raising, but also to the special geological conditions and the strong winds.


At the northeast part of the island, there are the lakes of Aliki, Hortarolimni and Asprolimni that cover an area of 14.000 acres and are part of the NATURA 2000 network. There are many migratory birds in the area and up to 4.000 have been recorded; some of them are: wild geese, wild ducks, whooper swans, herons, glossy ibis, gulls, terns, grebes, moorhens and flocks of pink flamingos.
The lake of Aliki fills with salt water in the winter, and in the summer it evaporates leaving behind an excellent quality of salt.
A significant biotope is also the historical bay of Moudros. Both its size and its location create the perfect environment for the preservation of rich fish fauna and shell fauna.
Shallow salted swamps and other biotopes that are formed from the rainwater in Diapori and at the beach of Thanos are some of the magical landscapes of the island. These areas may seem poor in plantation, however, they host many endangered species, since similar biotopes, worldwide have disappeared.

Petrified Forest

Most people ignore the fact that Limnos hosts a petrified forest. 23 to 18 million years ago Limnos was covered with a thick forest of palms, pine trees and gigantic redwoods that were buried at some point under the lava. Their biggest part is found in Moudros and in the wider eastern Limnos, while significant fossils were found in the village of Varos and at the area of Therma. It is also speculated that in the area of Fakos, there are gold deposits.

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